GED Reasoning Through Language Arts Practice Test: Verbs-Form & Tense

A verb is a word that shows action or state of being and has a base form and four other forms:  present, present participle, past and past participle.  Regular verbs follow a consistent pattern to make each verb form.

Example

Base form verb: walk

Tense Verb form How to write it
Present walk/walks with I, you, we, they: use base form
with he, she, it: add -s to the base form
Present participle walking add -ing
Past walked add -ed (-d if the verb ends with ‘e’)
Past participle walked add -ed (-d if the verb ends with ‘e’)

Verb forms are used to create verb tenses, which indicate time.  Some verb tenses require helping verbs – usually a form of be or have.  The table below shows how verb tense and form relate to each other.

Tense Verb form How to write it
Present walk/walks a sate of being, habit, generalization:
I walk every day.
Past walked something that has been completed:
I walked to the store this morning.
Future walked something that has not happened yet:
I will walk to the store tonight.
Present Progressive am/is/are walking an action in progress:
I am walking there right now.
Present Perfect have/has walked an action that began in the past and continues until now:
I have walked to school every day this week.
Past Perfect had walked an action that was completed before a specific time in the past:
I had walked until it got too hot.
Future Perfect will have walked an action that will be completed by a certain time in the future:
I will have walked 5 miles by sunset.

In the English language, verb tense shows when something happened, is happening, or will happen.  In most cases, verb tense form should be consistent within a sentence.  There are exceptions to this rule.

Example

Derek is in India and will see the Taj Mahal.

This sentence intentionally has two different tenses.  Derek is in India right now.  Sometime in the future he will see the Taj Mahal.

 

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