GED Reasoning Through Language Arts Practice Test: Parts of Speech

NOUNS

A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea, and is usually something tangible.  Nouns generally appeal to the five senses so you can feel, see, hear, smell, and/or taste them.

Examples of tangible nouns

girl (person)                       town (place)                      bicycle (thing)

Examples of abstract ideas that are nouns

anger                    sadness                                happiness                           love                       kindness              running

PRONOUNS

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns but work the same way.

Examples

us                           them                     we                          you                        none                     several                 mine

each                      both                      his                          she                         he                           all                            I

VERBS

Verbs show action or state of being.  Some verbs show action, while to be words show state of being.

Examples of action verbs

run                         throw                    sit                           jump                     hide                       laugh

Examples of to be verbs

is                             are                         was                        has                         have                      had                        were

was                        will be                   am                          have been          am being

 

ADJECTIVES

Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns.  Adjectives describe characteristics of nouns and pronouns such as size, shape, color, and quantity.

Examples of Adjectives

Size – big, enormous, tiny, medium, small, tall

Shape – round, rectangular, square, triangular

Color – blue, green, yellow, brown

Quantity – ten, dozens, five, hundreds

 

ADVERBS

Like adjectives, adverbs describe.  However, adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.  Adverbs often end in –ly (but not always)

Examples of Adverbs

quickly                  slowly                   fast                        very                       happily                 softly

 

PREPOSITIONS

Prepositions tell us about the nature of the noun, such as something’s time, direction, or placement.

Examples

about                    above                   below                   between             by           down    during

except                  from                      into                        off                          on           over       under

up                           with                       without

She has to go to the convention on Wednesday to give a speech.

In this sentence, on is the preposition that shows the relationship between going to the convention and speech.  By using on, the speech will happen that day.  If we used before or after, the relationship between convention and speech would have been different.

 

CONJUNCTIONS

Conjunctions are words that hold sentences together.  They are used to join together thoughts and items.  There are coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.  Subordinating conjunctions will be covered later.  Coordinating conjunctions connect similar, related, or contrasting ideas.

Examples

and        but         or            so           nor        for          yet

Phuong and Sergio go to the same gym.

In this sentence, the conjunction and shows similarity because they go to the same gym.

We were late to the show, so we went to get dessert instead.

In this sentence, the conjunction so is used to show two related but different ideas of being late to the show and getting dessert instead.

 

INTERJECTIONS

Interjections are interruption words that show emotion and are not complete sentences.

Examples

Wow!                    Hey!                      Yikes!                    Ouch!                    Nice!                     Hi!

 

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