GED Reasoning Through Language Arts Practice Test: Parts of Speech
A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea, and is usually something tangible. Nouns generally appeal to the five senses so you can feel, see, hear, smell, and/or taste them.
Examples of tangible nouns
girl (person) town (place) bicycle (thing)
Examples of abstract ideas that are nouns
anger sadness happiness love kindness running
Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns but work the same way.
us them we you none several mine
each both his she he all I
Verbs show action or state of being. Some verbs show action, while to be words show state of being.
Examples of action verbs
run throw sit jump hide laugh
Examples of to be verbs
is are was has have had were
was will be am have been am being
Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. Adjectives describe characteristics of nouns and pronouns such as size, shape, color, and quantity.
Examples of Adjectives
Size – big, enormous, tiny, medium, small, tall
Shape – round, rectangular, square, triangular
Color – blue, green, yellow, brown
Quantity – ten, dozens, five, hundreds
Like adjectives, adverbs describe. However, adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Adverbs often end in –ly (but not always)
Examples of Adverbs
quickly slowly fast very happily softly
Prepositions tell us about the nature of the noun, such as something’s time, direction, or placement.
about above below between by down during
except from into off on over under
up with without
She has to go to the convention on Wednesday to give a speech.
In this sentence, on is the preposition that shows the relationship between going to the convention and speech. By using on, the speech will happen that day. If we used before or after, the relationship between convention and speech would have been different.
Conjunctions are words that hold sentences together. They are used to join together thoughts and items. There are coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Subordinating conjunctions will be covered later. Coordinating conjunctions connect similar, related, or contrasting ideas.
and but or so nor for yet
Phuong and Sergio go to the same gym.
In this sentence, the conjunction and shows similarity because they go to the same gym.
We were late to the show, so we went to get dessert instead.
In this sentence, the conjunction so is used to show two related but different ideas of being late to the show and getting dessert instead.
Interjections are interruption words that show emotion and are not complete sentences.
Wow! Hey! Yikes! Ouch! Nice! Hi!