GED Reasoning Through Language Arts Practice Test: Nouns & Pronouns
A noun names a person (such as dog or Frank), place (such as Paris or market), thing (such as skateboard or Titanic), or idea (such as happiness or Christianity). Proper nouns name a specific person, place, thing, or idea, while common nouns are more general. For example, Paris is a proper noun while market is a common noun.
Pronouns are words that replace nouns. The antecedent is the noun that is being replaced.
Brett dropped the fish, because it was very slippery.
In this sentence, fish is the antecedent and it is the pronoun.
There are three types of pronouns: subject, object and possessive.
A subject pronoun replaces the subject of a sentence.
Tanisha ran home. She was trying to beat the rainstorm.
In this sentence, Tanisha is the subject and she is the subject pronoun.
An object pronoun replaces the object of a preposition or a verb.
Kent and Brianna searched for it.
In this sentence, it is the object pronoun (object of the preposition for)
When Simon looked at Jill, she smiled at him.
In this sentence, him is the object pronoun (object of the verb smiled)
A possessive pronoun replaces a possessive noun.
Janet rode Tara’s bike. She didn’t ask to borrow her bike.
In this sentence, Tara’s is the possessive noun and her is the possessive pronoun.
Common mistakes with pronouns in compound subjects and objects:
Incorrect pronoun in compound subject: Bonnie and me went to the theater.
Correct: Bonnie and I went to the theater.
Incorrect pronoun in compound object: They saw Pierre and she at the museum.
Correct: They saw Pierre and her at the museum.
The possessive/contraction pair its and it’s can be confusing, because they sound the same and are spelled with the same letters. The easiest way to remember the rule is that it’s is the contraction of it is, whereas its is the possessive form of it.